How to prevent and treat gum disease
You may have heard the dentist talk about periodontal disease and cavities. These two serious conditions need to be caught in their earliest stages for the best chance of effective treatment. However, do you know what periodontal disease is and what it can do to your smile? Dr. Erik G. Grothouse of Indianapolis, Indiana, is a dedicated provider in the community who is open to helping patients learn about the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease.
What is periodontal disease?
In a nutshell, periodontal disease, sometimes referred to as gum disease, is an infection of the gums that can cause significant damage to the teeth and bones. In fact, patients may notice shrinking gum tissue, lost jawbone, and even lost teeth as the condition progresses into the later stages.
How can I prevent gum disease?
Taking care of the smile daily will reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease. This includes brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits for cleanings and evaluations. These are always excellent steps towards good oral health and wellness and can protect your smile from both gum disease and tooth decay.
How is periodontal disease treated?
Prevention is so important. Patients who have periodontal disease will first need to be diagnosed. Gingivitis is the earliest stage, and treatment often includes a thorough dental cleaning and more diligent brushing and flossing. Later stage periodontal disease will require antibiotics, scaling and root planing, and later, therapeutic services to replace missing bone, soft tissues, and teeth. With proper treatment and management, most of our gum disease patients can continue to have beautiful and healthier smiles with time.
Request a visit with our team today
If you suspect that you have conditions such as periodontal disease or gingivitis, it is a good idea to work with our team to get a proper diagnosis and discuss treatment options. Call the Erik G. Grothouse, DDS team at Indianapolis, IN, today at (317) 823-1780 to request a consultation visit and initial evaluation; the practice is conveniently located at 7962 Oaklandon Road, Suite #105
The 3 stages of gum disease are gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is caused by toxins irritating the gum line as a result of plaque buildup. Signs and symptoms of gingivitis includes swelling, sensitivity, and bleeding of the gums during brushing and flossing. Gingivitis can be easily reversed through professional care and good home oral hygiene. Periodontitis is categorized by irreversible bone loss that results from untreated gingivitis. The gums may begin to form a pocket below the gum line which traps food and plaque. Dental treatment and home care can help prevent from further damage, but at this stage, the results are not reversible. Advanced periodontitis is when the fibers and bones supporting the teeth destroyed. This may cause teeth to shift or loosen. Teeth may have to be removed depending on how advanced the disease has become and if treatments are not effective. You can begin by preventing gum disease with good oral health. Pick up a brochure or ask your dentist today.